Hellas, or Greece in English, is the name for the modern-day Hellenic Republic, located in southeastern Europe at the point where the Haemus (Balkan) peninsula juts into the Mediterranean Sea and forms a land-based connection to Asia Minor (Anatolia) and the Middle East. Hellas is also the birthplace and cradle of Western civilization.
The Hellenes have affected and are still affecting every aspect of our lives. Most of our traditions, ways of life, ideas, and culture today can be directly traced back to the ancient Greeks and their great Hellenic civilization.
Greek civilization has influenced Western civilization in a unique and unparalleled way. The Greeks have changed our world. Their civilization is still inspiring us today, and in some aspects, we strive to equal it.
Through the conquests of Alexander the Great, a great Hellene and Macedonian king, Hellenism (Hellenic culture, thoughts, and ideas) spread to other parts of the world.
The Hellenic civilization had a strong influence on the “Roman civilization,” which in actuality is a continuation of the same civilization and is labeled “Graeco-Roman” by historians. By way of their conquests, the Romans carried many features of Greek civilization to far-flung parts of the Mediterranean world and Western Europe. Through Roman mediation, Greek civilization came to be the founding culture of our Western civilization today.
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